A Chypre, une maison d’architecte fait rimer “écologie” avec “extravagance”

A 50 mètres de la plage la plus courue de l’île, érigée entre deux rues étroites de Limassol (ou Lemesos, deuxième ville de Chypre), les passants ne devinent rien de l’extravagante maison bâtie sur les ruines d’une ancienne usine de traitement de noix de caroube. Architecte, George Papadopoulos a grandi non loin de là. Père de quatre garçons, il a rénové le site désaffecté, imaginant une maison dévolue à l’écologie, la nature, tout en maintenant quelques touches traditionnelles  dans le choix des matériaux ou l’agencement des pièces à vivre. Si certaines pièces aux volumes monumentaux ne semblent ni très cosy ni très personnalisées, c’est que les lieux, aux dimensions généreuses, accueillent aussi les bureaux de l’agence d’architecture de George Papadopoulos, Skinotechniki. On ne saurait rêver meilleur showroom…

Voici comment Papadopoulos évoque le travail réalisé (The Contemporist) : “The aim was to create a family home for me, my wife, and our four boys. For convenience and privacy, we wanted our place of work to be within the same plot but to have a separate entrance. The building had to fit into it’s surrounding environment of both traditional two storey stone and adobe single family dwellings, and some small old industrial buildings. At the same time it had to be modern, learning from traditional architecture but not copying it. Towards my aim of creating a coherent and safe environment for my family, I drew ideas from my own childhood memories of playing under huge plane trees in a house next to a mountain stream.

Last but not least, I wanted to apply  ecological solutions to heating, cooling, lighting and water management. Most rooms in the house face the partly covered internal courtyard. This is a traditional way of building in Cyprus helping to keep the family together and safeguard the privacy of the occupants. A neoclassical proportional system that relates to human scale, is applied to both interior and exterior surfaces and can be seen in plan, elevation and section.

Like music, Architecture needs to touch our senses.  To do this, opposites need to be combined. In music is quick/slow, melodic/rock. In architecture, is open/enclosed, dark/brightly lid, hot/cold, hard-soft, heavy-light.  Is these opposites that wake up our senses and give us a sense of belonging. The house is full of these opposites.

Walls are 55-75cm thick, made out of aerated concrete blocks, with thermal resistance well beyond that of the traditional adobe wall. In Lemesos, the energy requirement of a modern building  for cooling alone is 70% of the total energy consumed. The house does not have a conventional cooling system.  It is cooled by a combination of elements. Traditional ceiling fans. Shaded roof windows and a hallway rising up three storeys, draw hot air out using the stack effect principle. Large plane trees in the internal garden and correct building orientation, give shade. The water from the fish ponds and pool that cover the 65% of the internal garden area, evaporates providing additional cooling.

At night the cooler air from the mountains sinks through the open roof lights. The main bedroom has it’s own special cooling system. A geothermic system where using a small fan, air is drawn from the bedroom through 30cm diameter pipe buried underground. The air comes back in the room providing a comfortable temperature. The children’s bedrooms face west and could have been very hot at night. This is not so because they are constructed of lightweight materials -steel and wood- that do not store and therefore emit heat back into the room. This idea is taken from traditional Lemesos  houses which had a room, usually on the first floor, built of lightweight materials and used for sleeping in the hot summer nights. Heating is achieved using a diesel boiler. This is assisted with 8 racks by 20 solar heated vacuum tubes, that heat the living room under-floor heating system.”

source The Contemporist et crédits photo Andy Soteriou, Christos Papantoniou

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